Roberta Lima was born in 1974 in Manaus, Brazil.
After graduating with a degree in architecture in 2001, Lima moved to Vienna where in 2007 she earned a Master's degree in Fine Arts and in 2013 her PhD in Philosophy. Thereafter she worked as lecturer and Assistant Professor for the Contextual Painting Class at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna.
Lima focuses on her own body as theme for her work and uses various media, such as photographs, video and installations. Additionally that she investigates space and appropriates aspects of different places and contexts – from subculture to science, from popular media to historical reference and feminist theory – for producing art and starting discussions on the role of artist and viewer.

She has exhibited and performed internationally at festivals such as Wiener Festwochen, Donaufestival, and Kyoto Experiment. In 2007 she was awarded the "H13 Prize for Performance". In 2018 she was awarded Austrian Citizenship based on the merit of her accomplishments and contributions to the nation. Roberta Lima currently lives in Helsinki.

Roberta Lima's work was part of Videodrome: